你准备做饭,享受最satisfying and heart-warming Japanese hot pot dishes? Known as Nabemono, they are the necessary remedy for cold weather. Here you’ll learn the basics on how to prepare nabemono and 13 delicious recipes to make at home.
To combat long winter months or gloomy rainy days, the Japanese embrace the elements by enjoying a wide variety of hot pot dishes called纳贝mono（锅物），，，，或简单纳贝（（鍋).
We believe there’s nothing more comforting than the warmth of hot broths, fresh foods and the social aspect of a nabemono brings forth. They are nourishing, easy throw-it-together kind of food, and so fun to eat. No wonder they are the wintertime favorites in Japan. And if you are like me who enjoy hot foods regardless of the season, you can even make nabemono year round!
What is Nabemono?
Nabemonois a compound word, where纳贝（（鍋) refers to a cooking pot andmono（（物) means things orstuff. The concept of a nabe is simple: it can be a mixture of fresh vegetables, meat, seafood, tofu, and soybean products, or seasonal ingredients, all to be cooked in a simmering soup broth in a pot. Some of the popular nabemono dishes includeSukiyaki，，，，Shabu Shabu，，，，Yudofu，，，，andOden- 我只在一本食谱上分享了其中的许多。万博体育彩票可靠吗
In Japan, you can experience these hot pots in specialty restaurants orIzakayathat serve up various nabemono dishes. From Hokkaido to Kyoto to Fukuoka, there are also many regional versions of hot pot throughout Japan, featuring unique local ingredients, preparations, and different flavors of the broth. If you have the opportunity to visit different regions of Japan in the winter months, it is worth tracking down what the local nabe has to offer.
Nabemono - 最通用的家庭烹饪菜和最好的派对食品
The majority of the nabemono dishes are enjoyed in a communal manner, where the fresh, raw ingredients are prepped and arranged in serving plates surrounding a shared pot with soup broth on the table. Everyone then helps themselves by cooking and sharing the meal in the most lively manner.
Since everything can be done in advance, nabemono is my favorite type of food to serve at a dinner party. Your job as a host involves only prepping the ingredients and the soup broth — no need to cook anything beforehand. You can relax and be in the presence of the company of your guests. The atmosphere is boisterous, the food is delicious, and everyone is having a good time.
Even though nabemono is often served for a group of people, you can still enjoy hot pot for one in a single portion easily. The individual-style nabe such asNebayaki UdonandNapa Cabbage and Pork Belly Hot Potcan simply be cooked ahead on the stove and devoured immediately straight from the pot. When you have an emergency hot pot craving, you can even modify some of the nabe recipes by simplifying the ingredients.
Obviously, the most important piece of equipment for making nabe is the cooking pot itself. In Japan, there are many pots being used for different styles of nabemono, but the most ideal cooking vessel to prepare all sorts of nabemono dishes at home is aDonabe（（土鍋).
Made with heavy ceramic to retain and distribute heat, donabe is a traditional Japanese earthenware pot specifically designed to cook hot pot dishes. Donabe comes in many beautiful designs and various sizes. If you plan to cook nabemono regularly, a quality donabe is the best cookware money can buy! It’s highly versatile and durable.
- Where to buy:Japanese and Asian grocery stores, Japanese ceramic shop,Toiro Kitchen，，，，or Amazon
- Donabe sizes:I recommend a12inch (30 cm) donabefor anywhere from 2-6 people servings. You can also get the single pot for 1 serving, with a diameter of 6.5 inches (16.5cm). To feed a bigger crowd (6+), you would need at least two donabe pots.
- How to care for a donabe:When a donabe is properly cared for, it can last for generations. You can read my article onHow to Season and Care for Your Donabe。
- Stainless steel hot pot with divider:There are various styles of stainless steel hot pots available online or at Asian grocery stores. The most common one you can find is astainless steel hot pot with a divider，，，，which you can make 2 types of soup broth or with spicy and non-spicy options. You can use this hot pot for Chinese, Korean or other Southeast-Asian-style hot pots.
- 电动不锈钢火锅：If you don’t like to use a gas stove, you can usethis electric hot pot with a divider。
- 多功能电煎锅：If you prefer the convenience, thismulti-functional electric skilletis another alternative to prepare nabemono at home. Since you can use it for sauteing, grilling and cooking soup-based dishes, it makes a great option for college kids or for someone with limited storage space.
- 荷兰烤箱：A heavy pot like a荷兰烤箱can also be used for nabemono dishes. See how I madeMille-Feuille Nabe。
2。Portable Butane Stove & Butane Gas Canisters
To create a communal dining experience for a nabe dish, you’d need a portable gas burner where everyone can partake in the cooking and eat off the hot pot over an open flame. The majority of donabe require a gas stove, and can’t be used on an electric stove.
- Where to buy:I bought myIwatani portable gas stove（（这个looks slightly nicer) on Amazon and stock upbutane gas canistersat Asian grocery stores or Amazon.
3。Cooking Tools for Nabe
- A ladle or two to scoop soup broth
- A few slotted ladles to fish out the cooked vegetables and meat from the pot.
- A few pairs of serving (long) chopsticks
- One or two pairs of tongs
- Serving platters
- Individual bowls/plates/chopsticks for everyone
5Quick Tips to Enjoy Your Nabemono
1。Remember the cooking order
开始烹饪原料的产量flavors to the broth such as kombu, chicken, and fish (do not put thinly sliced meat here yet). Then add tough ingredients that require cooking for a long time, including potatoes, carrots, daikon, and thick white parts of napa cabbage. At this time, you can also add shirataki noodles and medium-firm tofu to absorb more flavors. Lastly, add thinly sliced meat or soft vegetables that can cook fast.
2。Do not overcook your ingredients
Most of the ingredients are cut and sliced in bite-sized and thin pieces, so they cook very quickly. Always keep an eye on the vegetables and meat you add to the soup.
4。Observe the etiquettes and be considerate
When it comes to cooking and eating from a shared nabe pot, there are a few etiquettes to observe. Unless you’re cooking for one or for the family and the kids, make sure you only cook the food you plan to eat yourself. If there’s a piece of fish cake or a marbled beef floating in the broth, do not take it out unless it is yours.
Make sure to add ingredients when the broth is boiling and no one is cooking the meat at that time because the ingredients you’re adding will cool the broth immediately and stop boiling.
No nabemono is complete without the company of cold, foamy beer or sake. For non-alcoholic drinks, you can serve nabemono with iced oolong tea orMugicha（（barley tea), or hot green tea orhojicha。
13Nabemono Recipes to Make at Home
Shabu Shabu is one of Japan’s most popular communal-style hot pot dishes. The meat and assorted vegetables are cooked in a flavorful broth called kombu dashi. Everyone at the table takes part in the cooking and enjoys the ingredients with different dipping sauces.
2。Chanko Nabe (Sumo Stew)ちゃんこ锅
传统ally eaten only by sumo wrestlers, Chanko Nabe is a robust hot pot filled with all kinds of vegetables and tons of protein in a rich dashi and chicken broth. The original nabe is served with additional ingredients to help sumo wrestlers gain weight, but we have simplified the recipe but kept it well balanced to enjoy the meal at home.
4。Soy Milk Hot Pot豆乳鍋
Topped with chicken, tempura & heaps of vegetables in an umami dashi soup, this hot noodle soup cooked in a nabe would be your favorite kind of winter comfort food. The ingredient list may seem long, but you can speed up the cooking by using frozen tempura or using whatever ingredients that suit you.
Inspired by the layering composition of a classic French pastry, Mille-Feuille Nabe is a simple Japanese hot pot made with napa cabbage and pork belly slices cooked in a savory dashi broth. The nabe is very easy to put together, making it one of the most popular hot pot recipes enjoyed at home in Japan.
7.Monkfish Hot Pot (Anko Nabe)あんこう鍋
一个标志性的冬季火锅,特别是在th流行e eastern part of Japan, Monkfish Hot Pot is the most flavorful nabemono one can make at home. One of the key contributing flavors to the heavenly broth is the steamed monkfish liver. It is the secret ingredient that elevates the soup broth with its unbeatable complexity and depth. No monkfish in your area? You can still cook this nabe with other substitutes such as grouper, halibut, mahi-mahi, sea bass, scallops, snapper, or swordfish.
8.Yudofu (Hot Tofu)湯豆腐
光和健康,yudofu是一个非常容易,vegetarian-style nabe, featuring dashi kombu and tofu. You can enjoy hot tofu as an appetizer, side dish, or simply a meal on its own.
If you’re cooking for yourself, you have more reason to eat better with this Napa Cabbage and Pork Belly Hot Pot. It’s fast, easy and nutritious, and guaranteed to keep you warm and happy.
10。Kimchi Gyoza Nabeキムチ餃子鍋
Cooked in a Korean-inspired, spicy kimchi base, this nabe is filled with succulent Japanese dumplings, spicy kimchi, tender vegetables, and hearty mushrooms. It’s a simmering bowl of savory deliciousness!
11。Sesame Miso Hot Pot胡麻味噌锅
Loaded with vegetables, mushrooms, and tofu, this Japanese Sesame Miso Hot Pot is full of umami’s punch. For a vegan version, leave out the meat and throw in more vegetables. The broth is made with kombu and shiitake dashi seasoned with savory miso and sesame seeds.
12。Hokkaido Salmon Hot Pot石狩鍋
known as Ishikari Nabe, this hot pot is a beloved regional dish from Hokkaido. In this recipe, salmon, potatoes, corn, daikon radish, onion, and cabbage are cooked in a savory miso-based broth and topped with butter for a rich and creamy finish.
This hearty hot pot features tender chicken, assorted vegetables, mushrooms, and tofu. On the side, we often serve it with a ponzu sauce for dipping.
Do you have any favorite nabemono dishes you love to make? I’d love to hear from you. And if you have any questions, leave a comment below and I’ll try my best in answering. Happy nabe-cooking!
Japanese Ingredient Substitution:如果您想寻找日本调味品和成分的替代品，click here。
编者注：This post was originally published on March 5, 2019. It was republished in November 2021 with updated content.